Any institution practice where by a child or young person under the age of 18 years is delivered by either or both of his/her natural parents or by his guardian to another person, whether for reward, with a view to the exploitation of the child or young person or of his/her labor is considered child labor. Work directly linked to mineral extraction involves the use of children to dig, clan, shovel, pick and transport minerals. Children are forced to do this labor for hours on end without payment or wages that only cover their basic subsistence. Children from Pakistan and Bangladesh are kidnapped or sold by their parents to trafficker who take them to Persian Gulf States, including the United Arabian Emirates and Saudi Arabia, to work as camel jockeys. Many of these children suffer extreme injuries or death from falling off camels during the races. Children are also used in commercial sex trafficking and types of sexual slavery. Child victims of trafficking are vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. The misconceptions that having sex with a virgin can cure HIV/AIDS have fueled a demand for child prostitutes.